Child and Forced marriage is when one or both parties are under 18 years of age. Child marriage and forced marriage can and often will lead to child labour. When a child has not given their full consent or is forced to marry an older men or women against his or hers will is a form of Forced marriage. Another form of forced marriage is when the child being subjected to marriage is physically and verbally abused and once in the relationship is abused to do what the partner said.
Each year, 15 million girls are married before the age of 18 that is 28 girls every minute and 1 Every 2 seconds. In many places around the world, marriage under the age of 18 is part of a culturally accepted norm, and about 10% of the global population has been married before their 18th birthday.
Child marriage is frowned upon in many developed countries, yet it is most commonly found in South East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, with Niger found to have the highest proportion of child marriage with 76% of girls married before they’re 18.
…76% of girls [are] married before they’re 18.
Child marriage tends to occur in rural areas more than urban areas. This is because rural areas are typically more impoverished and consequently, prospects for girls are more limited. Rural areas often have more traditional outlooks where girls who are unmarried have the pressure of society disapproval, and then girls then think that they need a boy to marry to be able to fit in with society.
Figures also show that girls from poorer backgrounds were more likely to be child brides; females in the poorest quintile are 2.5 times more likely to be implicated in child marriage than those living in the wealthiest countries.
In developing countries poverty is one of the major causes of having forced marriage in today’s society. Families thinks that if you marriage your daughter off to another boy it will reduce the expenses that the family has to deal with. When the child is young it seems to the new men that she would be easy to control and the men would have a lot more power over the girl when she has been living in poverty.
By tackling early child marriage in countries where girls are vulnerable to slavery, we can help put an end to forced child marriage and slavery. The United Nations made an organisation that wants to end all forms of child marriage and slavery. They are working with communities to change attitudes towards girls and to ensure that they are more highly valued. They are also supporting girls to stay in school and continue their education.